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Unbalanced Load Flow Study

Unbalanced Load Flow Study
Unbalanced Load Flow Study
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Product Code : PSS_1
Product Description


Load flow analysis is an important function for power system planning and practical studies. Certain applications, particularly in distribution automation and optimization of a power system, require repeated load flow solutions and in these applications, it is very important to solve the load flow problem as efficiently as possible.

As the power distribution networks become more complex, there is greater demand for efficient and reliable system operation. Consequently, the most important system analysis tool, load flow studies, should be capable of handling various system configurations with adequate accuracy and speed.

In several situations, it observed that the radial distribution systems remain unbalanced due to single-phase, two-phase and three-phase loads. Thus, load flow solution for unbalanced cases, special analysis is necessary.

Usual load flow methods cannot directly apply to distribution systems. The mode used for three phase power flow analysis in unbalanced systems cannot develop by extending the single phase balanced methods. A three-phase load flow method has to analyze problems like modeling of different forms of fundamental connections that would regulate starting point for three phase power flow solutions as there are phase shifts and transformation ratios for each phase and at different buses. For untransposed lines and cables the balanced models are no longer useful.

The symmetrical component transformation can decouple the three phases. For three phase networks the burden matrix is obtained. A method to measure power losses in unbalanced radial distribution systems.

 How to Model the Transformer for Power Flow Analysis.

This method prefers the laterals instead of buses into layers, it would decrease the problem size to the number of laterals. Using lateral variable rather than bus variable makes this method adequate for given system topology, however it may add some obstacles if the network topology changes frequently, which is common in distribution systems because of switching operations. Finding three-phase radial distribution networks. This method uses the forward and backward propagation to measure branch currents and bus voltages.

The three-phase Current Injection Method, injection equations written in rectangular regulates the full Newton method. Also it shows quadratic convergence properties and convergence obtained for all except some conditioned cases. This uses G-matrix for power flow based on equal current injections. The Network Topology which uses two matrices, viz. Bus Injection to Branch Current and Branch-Current to Bus-Voltage matrices, to find out the solution, modeling of transformer and other components of distribution systems, load flow solution of unbalanced radical distribution networks.

Improved load flow method for unbalanced Radical Distribution System using sequence components. The different connections of transformer in as unbalanced radial distribution networks. Three phase load flow method by solving algebraic recursive expression of voltage significance.

 Load Flow Solution of Unbalanced Radial Distribution Networks

Unbalanced Radial Distribution System

Three-phase Currents Balanced

Distribution lines are hardly changed, nor can it be assumed that the conductor configuration is an equilateral triangle. When two assumptions are invalid, it is necessary to introduce another proper method of calculating the line obstruction. 

Lumped Load

Distributed Load

At times the primary feeder supplies loads through distribution transformers tapped at various locations along the line section. If each load point is modeled as a bus topology, there will be a large number of bus topology in the system. Hence these loads represented as lumped loads:

-At one-fourth the length of line from sending a dummy bus created at which two third of the load is assumed to connect.

-The remaining one-third load is assumed to connect at the receiving end bus.

 The impact of the transformers in a distribution system is significant. Transformers affect system loss, zero sequence current, method of grounding and protection strategy.

 The core loss of a transformer is approximated by shunt core loss functions on each phase of the secondary terminal of the transformer. These core loss approximation functions are based on the results of load modeling analysis which analyze that real and reactive power loss in the transformer core can be expressed as functions of the terminal voltage of the transformer. Transformer core loss functions represented in per unit at the system power base.



Office No.-9, Plot 53/54, Sector-34, Space Heights, Near Tawa Hotel, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai - 410209, Maharashtra, India
Mr Piyush Lalchand Rathi (Partner)
Mobile :+919819614841, +919769207841
Mr. Dnyanesh Gawande (Partner)
Mobile :+919833686249